Eye problems in seniors
Many age related ailments and one of them is Eye Problem.
Below is a list of common eye ailments among seniors
Presbyopia: It is a natural effect of ageing. It is the inability of your eyes to focus on close objects properly. Some of its symptoms are, headache, blurred vision, the need for more light while reading, and sore eyes.
Cataracts: Sometimes the lens inside the eye loses its transparency over time your, vision becomes distorted or cloudy/defocused. There can be a need to change your glasses or surgical removal.
Seniors may face
Diabetic retinopathy: It is the weakening or swelling of the tiny blood vessels in the eye's retina. There can be a growth of new blood vessels resulting in blood leakage and other changes in the eye. Early detection & cure can avoid vision loss.
Macular degeneration: It results in degenerative changes to the central vision of the eye. It is a leading cause of vision loss among seniors.
Glaucoma: It can be caused by elevated blood pressure within the eye and may result to vision loss if not detected early or treated. It’s hard to know the symptom that is why it is commonly referred as a "silent thief of sight".
There are few steps that can be taken to protect vision:
Get your eyes checked regularly.
If you suffer from dry eyes (gritty, itchy, or burning), a home humidifier and eye drops may help. In a few serious cases, surgery may be needed to correct the problem. So do consult a doctor.
If your eyes water, it may be that you are more sensitive to light, wind, or temperature change. Simply shielding your eyes or wearing sunglasses may solve the problem. However, this condition may be the result of an eye infection, eye irritation, or a blocked tear duct, all of which can be treated. See your doctor to find out the exact cause and treatment.
Turn on the lights. Seeing better can sometimes be as easy as changing a light bulb to one with a higher wattage. It’s important to make sure the fixture is designed for that wattage.
Bright light is important in stairways to help prevent falls.
Don't smoke. Smoking tobacco is a major risk factor in the early onset of age-related macular degeneration.
Reduce glare as much as possible by using good lampshades, glare shields on computer monitors, and sunglasses. Sunglasses should provide 99 to 100 per cent UV-A and UV-B protection. UV rays can harm your eyes even on a cloudy day.
Protect your eyes from accidents in your home.
Put a grease shield over frying foods.
Make sure spray cans and nozzles are pointed away from you when spraying.
Wear safety glasses in the workshop and when using chemical products such as ammonia.
Be careful of a recoil when using bungee cords.
Eat carrots. A daily dose of the vitamins and minerals found in melons, citrus fruit, carrots, spinach, and kale may help slow the progress of age-related eye diseases such as macular degeneration, glaucoma, and cataracts.
Don't drive at night if you have problems with depth perception, glare, or other vision difficulties. Source:https://www.fraserhealth.ca/health-topics-a-to-z/seniors/falls-prevention/eye-care-for-seniors