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Five things you should know about Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIA)

TIA is also called a mini-stroke. It is a sign of a future stroke. It occurs when a blockage in a blood vessel stops the flow of blood to the part of the brain. A TIA doesn’t leave any permanent brain damage or cause lasting neurologic problems. However, it does involve many of the same signs and symptoms as a stroke.

The symptoms include sudden weakness or numbness on one side of the body, slurred speech, trouble seeing or talking, and confusion. There can be one symptom or a combination of symptoms.

Though TIA doesn’t cause permanent brain damage, it is a critical warning sign. If you feel the symptoms of TIA in yourself or the person you care for, it is better not to wait and seek medical help immediately. It is dangerous to wait as, in both cases, rapid medical attention is needed. Sometimes symptoms may appear harmless, but they may worsen if not treated in time. The BOTTOM LINE is if you suspect that you or someone you know is having a stroke or TIA, go to the hospital immediately or call 911 (Canada), even if the symptoms are minor. It is to be noted that a person who had TIA may have a 10-20% risk of having a full stroke. With proper care, the risk can reduce significantly.

Treatment includes:

Change in Lifestyle

Medication

Surgery

Eat a healthy balanced diet, reduce your consumption of fat and salt, including fibre, and increase your intake of fresh fruits and vegetables. Exercise regularly, do not do vigorous exercise, maintain a regular schedule, and keep increasing time slowly. Stop smoking and cut down on alcohol intake. Do not miss medicine.

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